Comodo One. The Ins and Outs of Patch Management using Comodo ITSM

December 7, 2016 | By Comodo

How to check patch status and deploy selected patches to devices

Step 1: Open ITSM and click ‘Devices’ > ‘Device List’. Click on your target device and open the ‘Patch Management’ tab. This will list all patches available for the device. The column on the far right tells you whether the patch is installed, or available for installation. The importance of the patch is shown in the ‘Severity’ column’

Step 2: Optional. Click the funnel icon on the right to filter patches based on name, install status, severity and other criteria.

Comodo One

 

Step 3: Select the patches you want to deploy to the device using the checkboxes on the left. Click the ‘Install Patch’ button to deploy:

Install Patch

Step 4: The selected patches will be added to the install queue and will be applied immediately after the next successful communication with the device.

Patch Management

How to check patch status of third party application on specific device

Available patches for third party applications which were installed on the endpoint, there you can check the date of installation of old package and date of release of the new package, version details for installed applications and available packages and more over the severity rate is given for the user to desire whether the package is needed or not.
Step 1: Launch the ITSM

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Step 2: Go to DEVICES > ‘Device List’ and select the desired device.

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Step 3: Select the tab ‘Patch Management’.

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Step 4: Select the ‘Third Party Applications’ tab.

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Step 5: Check the list of applications that are available third-party patches of the device.

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1. Software Name – Name of the patch or package of the latest version
2. Vendor – vendor name of the package
3. Software Category – category of the software
4. Installed Version – version number that was installed on your endpoint that is the old version you have to update
5. Installation Date – date of the older version installed
6. Latest Version Available – version number of released patch
7. Severity – rate of the severity
8. Release Date – date of the new patch release
Note: You can check our wiki for “How to perform third party application update in ITSM”

How to create “Third Party Patch Procedures”

The Third-party patch is now available to the users of ITSM, the procedure can either be created for a particular application or for all supported applications.
When a procedure is executed on a device the available patch update will be applied to the devices. Thus every enrolled device can be managed easily.
Additionally, a user can schedule the patch update process by adding the respective procedure to a profile. Then, the profile will be added to the device. Thus the procedure will be executed at the specified time and frequency.

Step 1: Go to “Configuration Templates” and select the “Procedures” menu. Click “Create” button. From the drop-down, select “Create 3rd Party Patch Procedure” option. The “Create 3rd Party Patch Procedure” dialog box appears.

Enter the details in the dialog box.

1. Procedure name :Enter the name of the procedure.
2. Description: Enter the description.
3. Folders: Chose the folder, in which the procedure should be stored.

3.1

Click “Create” button.

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Step 2: Click the created procedure from the list, to customize it.

imag2

 

Step 3: In General tab, click “Edit” button to modify.

1. Procedure name: Enter the name of the procedure.
2. Description: Enter the description.
3. Folders: Choose the folder, in which the procedure should be stored.

3.4
4. Use alert settings when the procedure fails : A alert can associated with the procedure, by selecting the option “Use alert settings when the procedure fails”, enter the existing name of the alert in the text box and save it. An alert will be triggered when this procedure failed on execution.  ( Even a ticket will be created if the appropriate option for generating ticket in the triggered alert’s setting is enabled)

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Step 4: The Execution options, contains the following details.
“Select 3rd party software to update” as a caption and following are the choices

1. “Update all applications” – On Select of this option, all the available updates will be applied, when this the procedure is called on that particular device.
2. “Update only the selected applications”- On Select of this option, selected list of available updates will be applied, when this the procedure is called on that particular device.

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The name of the software will be entered in the text box below.

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Click “Save” button. Illustration provided for “Update only the selected applications”.
Note: if updates should be applied for all applications chose “Update all applications” and click “Save” button at the right most corner of the page.

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Step 5: The Restart control, helps to define the restart options based on your need.

1. There are three types of restart option:
2. Force the reboot in – Forces the reboot at the endpoint in the defined time with an alert message.
3. Suppress the reboot – The reboot will not be initiated.
4. Warn about the reboot and let users postpone it – It will remind the user at the endpoint about the reboot and the user may postpone it
Chose your desired type of the reboot option and click “Save” button. Illustration is provided for “Force the reboot in”:

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Step 6: The procedure can be scheduled to run at a specific time. If this is scheduled the schedule details will be listed here.

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Note: The procedure should be added to any of the profiles in the Configuration Templates → Profiles, and click “Add Profile Section” button and select the procedures and click “Add” icon.
The “Add Existing Procedure” dialog box appears. Fill the form and the schedule details will be added to the schedule section. Finally, the profile should be added to the device, on which the procedure is be called on the scheduled time.

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How to perform third party application update in ITSM

In ITSM, now you can perform all operations related to the third party applications updates. The available applications for updates can be viewed, monitored and the updates can be either applied to a particular device or to all devices enrolled.
The different methods of applying third party application software are available ITSM. Thus, either you can apply a specific version of a software update to the devices or the latest version of the software update to the devices.

The “Third Party Applications” update option available in two sections of ITSM:

1. Devices List
2. Applications

Prerequisite:

  • Navigate to “Software Inventory” tab in device details.
  • Click “Update Software Inventory” button at the top to send inventory update command to a device.
  • After few seconds, click the refresh icon to refresh the table. The updated list of software installed in a device will be displayed.

Devices

Step 1: Go to ITSM -> ‘Devices’ > ‘Device List’ menu. Click the name of the device from the list, to which you want the check and apply the third party application update.

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Step 2: Navigate to “Patch Management” section and click “Third Party Applications” tab.
The List of the application which has to be updated will be listed here. Click the refresh button, to get the up-to-date list. The list contains the following columns, which describes the software.

Name – Name of the application

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  • Vendor – Name of the application’s Publisher or Vendor
  • Category – Type of the application
  • Installed Version – The installed version of the application in a device.
  • Installation Date – The date at which the application installed.
  • Latest Version Available – The latest version of the application update available in ITSM.
  • Severity – Describes the severity of the application
  • Release Date – The date at which the application released.

Step 3: Select the check box of the appropriate software and click “Install Patches” button.

The following drop down appears now,

1.Update to Latest Version: The Update of the latest version will be applied to the devices.
On Click of this button, the update command will be sent to the devices.

2.Update to Specific Version: The update of the specific version will be applied to the devices. On click of this option, the “Update to Specific Version” dialog box appears, click the drop-down icon and select the version that needs to be sent to devices.
Finally, click ‘Send’ button The updates will be sent to the devices and Installed.
Update to Latest version’s Illustration:

4.3

Update to Specific Version’s Illustration:

4.4

Step 4: Navigate to “Software Inventory” tab in device details. Click “Update Software Inventory” button at the top to send inventory update command to the device. After few seconds, click the refresh icon to refresh the table. The updated version of the software will be displayed.

 

4.5

Applications

Step 1: Go to Applications, click “Patch Management” menu > “Third Party Application” tab. The list of the software updates available will be listed here. The list has columns which describe the software, they are:

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1. Name: Name of the application.
2. Vendor: Name of the application vendor.
3. Category: The category of the given application.
4. Installed Devices: Devices that have any version of the given application.
5. Upgradable Devices: Devices that have an older version of the given application.

Step 2: Select the checkbox of the appropriate software and click the down button near to the “Install Patches” button. The Two option will be available in the drop-down.

1.Update to Latest Version: The Update of the latest version will be applied to the devices.
On click of this button, the update will be sent to the devices.
Note: The “Update to Specific Version” cannot be done from the here, but if you want to update to a specific version go to device list → select a device → Patch Management → Third Party Application, select a software and click install patches and select the “Update to Specific Version”.

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Step 3: Select a software to view the detailed information about that software.

The “Devices List” lists the devices, for which the patch updates can be done for the selected software.

How to run “Third Party Patch Procedures”

Third Party Patch Procedures update the patches in the endpoints. Depend upon the procedure, the deployment of patches varies. For example, if the procedure is created to update all applications, during execution the patch update(if available) will be done for all softwares in the endpoints.
The execution of third party patch procedure can also be automated by scheduling it.

Step 1: Go to “Configuration Templates” and select the “Procedures” menu. Click the appropriate procedure from the list, to run it.

3rd_party_patch_run1

Step 2: To run a procedure click “Run ” button.

A “Run Procedure” dialog box appears, select either

1. “All devices” – To execute the procedure in all enrolled devices in ITSM.
2. “Selected Device(s)” – To execute the procedure in the selected devices and the devices name will be provided in the text box below

Fill the details and click “Run ” button. The procedure will be executed.
Illustration is given for “Selected Device(s)”:

3rd_party_patch_run2

Step 3: The Execution Log contains the details about the procedure execution. To view the detailed information about the procedure execution, click “Details ” link.

update patches

The following two tabs will be available,

1. “Statuses” – The execution operation result will be displayed here
2. “Tickets” – The ticket information related to the procedure will be displayed here (In case when procedure fails)

3rd_party_patch_run3


How to deploy patches from the ‘Patch Management’ interface

The Applications > Patch Management interface allows you to install missing patches to all managed devices.

Step 1: Open ITSM and click ‘Applications’ > ‘Patch Management’. The interface lists all available patches for managed endpoints. The ‘Installed’ and ‘Not Installed’ columns show how many devices have the patch installed versus not installed. Click the numbers in these columns to view the target devices.

Step 2: Optional. Click the funnel icon on the right to filter patches based on name, install status, severity and other criteria.

Patch Management Interface

Step 3: Select the patches you want to deploy using the checkboxes on the left. Click the ‘Install Patch’ button to deploy:

Install Patch - Interface

Step 4: The selected patches will be added to the install queue and will be applied immediately after the next successful communication with the device(s).

Patch Management list


How to add a patching schedule to a profile

Adding a patch procedure to a configuration profile allows you to automatically patch devices according to a schedule of your choice. Note – this tutorial shows you how to schedule a Comodo ‘pre-defined’ patch procedure. You can also create your own procedures by clicking ‘Configuration Templates’ > ‘Procedures’.

Step 1: Open ITSM and click ‘Configuration Templates’ > ‘Profiles’. Select the profile to which you want to add the patch procedure.

Step 2: Click the ‘Add Profile Section’ button on the top and select ‘Procedures’. If you have already added the ‘Procedures’ component then just click on it and proceed to step 3.

patch management profile

Step 3: Open the ‘Procedures’ tab and click ‘Add’:

Procedures

 

Step 4: Start typing the name of a patch procedure in the search box. Comodo ITSM has the following, pre-defined, patch procedures to choose from:

Critical Patch Updates

Security Patch Updates

Patch Maintenance

Best practice – we advise you schedule ‘Critical Patch Updates’ and ‘Security Patch Updates’ to run daily, and ‘Patch Maintenance’ to run weekly.

Note. You can also create custom patch procedures. Click here for help with this.

Step 5: After choosing your procedure, select the start date and frequency and start time:

Existing Procedure

Step 6: Click ‘Add’ to add procedure to the profile. Click ‘Save’ (on the right) to save the profile.

The patch procedure will automatically run on the devices to which the profile is applied.


How to manually run a patch procedure on devices

Patch procedures can be run directly on selected devices from the ‘Procedures’ interface.

Step 1: Open ITSM and click ‘Configuration Templates’ > ‘Procedures’

Step 2: Expand the ‘Predefined Procedure’ folder on the left and select ‘Patch Deployment’:

procedure

Step 3: Choose which patch procedure you wish to run from the following pre-defined procedures to choose from:

Critical Patch Updates
Security Patch Updates
Patch Maintenance

Best practice – we advise you run ‘Critical Patch Updates’ and ‘Security Patch Updates’ on daily basis, and ‘Patch Maintenance’ on a weekly basis. You may also want to consider scheduling patch updates if you haven’t done so already.

Step 4: Click the ‘Run’ button then select your target devices:

Procedure Run

You can choose ‘All Devices’, or start typing in the ‘Selected Device(s)’ field to choose specific devices or device groups:

Run Procedure

Step 5: Click ‘Run’ to immediately deploy the patch procedure to selected devices.

How to create a custom patch procedure

ITSM ships with a set of predefined patch procedures which cover most use cases. However, you can also create your own procedures to specify exactly which types of patches are deployed.

Step 1: Open ITSM and click ‘Configuration Templates’ > ‘Procedures’

Step 2: Click the ‘Create’ button then ‘Create Patch Procedure’:

Step 3: Type a name and description for your procedure then choose the folder in which to save it. In this example, we will use the custom folder ‘My Procedures’. Click ‘Create’ to save your procedure.

Step 4: You will be automatically taken to the procedure configuration screen. The configuration screen has three tabs – General, Execution Options and Execution log:
install critical procedures

General – Allows you modify the name, description and folder of the procedure, and to set which alert is displayed should the procedure fail.

Execution Options – Lets you fine tune which types of patches are covered by the procedure. For security updates, you can also choose which severity of patches to install.

Execution Logs – Shows a list of all logs of patch deployment. These are useful to check whether the patch ran correctly or not.

Once these steps have been completed and you approve the new procedure, you can run it on all or selected devices by clicking the ‘Run’ button:

Run Procedure

  • Once approved, your new procedure will be listed in ‘Configuration Templates’ > ‘Procedures’ > ‘My Procedures’ folder. You can run it on devices from this interface at any time. Click here for more help with this.
  • You can also add your new procedure to a profile for regular, scheduled deployments. Click here for more help with this.

How to check complete details about the specific patch?

Step 1: Go to ITSM > APPLICATIONS > Patch Management and click over any patch from the table

patch_man1a

Check the General Information of the patch application.

1. File Name – Name of the file
2. Version – Version number of the file
3. Vendor Severity – It is status of Severity of the Vendor

  • Important – Important patch, you may update or not
  • Critical – patch, you should update for the security of your system
  • Recommended – patch, you are recommended for update
  • Normal – you may update or not

4. Release Date – Date of the patch released

  • KB – Microsoft Knowledge Base is a repository of articles made available to the public by Microsoft Corporation. It contains information on many problems encountered by users of Microsoft products. Each article bears an ID number and articles are often referred to by their Knowledge Base (KB) ID.
  • Description – Purpose of the package is given here

Step 2: Click ‘Vendor’ tab and check out the Vendor Information.

1. Vendor name – Name of the vendor
2. Vendor severity – It is status of Severity of the Vendor

  • Important – Important patch, you may update or not
  • Critical – patch, you should update for the security of your system
  • Recommended – patch, you are recommended for update
  • Normal – you may update or not

3. Support URL – URL of the vendor to support the package queries

Step 3: Click the ‘Security Patch Info’ tab and check out the information

1. Supercedes – The respective security bulletins will list the superseded patches, and you have to check for Security Update Replacement in the bulletin.
2. Bulletin – a brief public notice issuing for the patch release usually from an authoritative source
3. Supercedes bulletin ID – ID of the security bulletins and knowledge-base articles superseded by the patch
4. Release date – Date of the release of the Suprecedes

Step 4: Click the ‘Bulletin’ tab and check out the information.

1. ID – Unique number to identify Bulletin of the patch
2. Description – Purpose of the patch release

Step 5: Click the ‘CVE IDs’ to check out the information

1. CVE – Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) is a catalog of known security threats.

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